Some publications of Auguste Meessen
Auguste Meessen was born in 1932 near the Belgian-German frontier. He
studied physics at the Catholic University of Louvain, where Georges
Lemaître was one of his teachers. After his PHD, he was Research
Associate at MIT, USA, and returned in 1962 to the UCL. He became
there professor, teaching Quantum Mechanics, Theoretical Physics, Solid
State Physics and Didactics for physics teachers. He was also in charge
of their continued formation by means of regular seminars. He began with
nuclear experimental physics and did like experimentation as well as
theory. Physics advances, indeed, by discovering new facts and explaining
them. This requires to conceive plausible hypotheses and to draw
consequences that can be tested. Research continued after 1996, as professor
emeritus. Becoming aware of enigmatic phenomena and trying to understand
them is, indeed, a marvelous scientific job.
Publications were related to research in three different directions:
1) Basic Physical Problems that require new approaches,
2) Science and Society calling for shared responsibilities,
3) Unconventional Flying Objects. They have often been observed,
but are still mysterious. The main difficulty is always to separate facts
from ideology. This appeared in an instructive way by studying the
phenomenon of water memory.
© Any translation or reproduction, even partial, of any of these
articles requires the author's permission.
1. Basic Physical Problems
The experimentally proven reality of water memory was
vehemently negated, since this phenomenon could not be explained within
the framework of existing theories. We show that water molecules can
constitute nano-crystallites, where they are strongly bound to one
another with parallel effective dipoles. Since biologically active
molecules contain electrically charged parts that can oscillate at very
low frequencies, they do normally stimulate their specific receptors by
resonance. However, they can also create chains of water pearls that
resonate at the same frequency. These chains become then information
carriers that are multiplied by autocatalytic processes and subsist
when all active molecules have been eliminated.
These articles were published in Foundations of
Physics, since they show that it is possible and useful to modify the
concept of a “space-time continuum”. The development of Quantum Mechanics
and the Theory of Relativity told us already that Nature does impose
restrictions on our measurements and that they are related to the
existence of two universal constants (h and c). However, we are still
using differential equations as if we were able know what happens at an
“infinitely” small scale in space and time. We tried thus to find out if
a very small, but finite limit (a) for the smallest measurable distance
would lead to logical inconsistencies. It is only assumed that it is a
universal constant. The first article proves that this is compatible with
relativity and the second one that Space-Time Quantization (STQ) is
This text was published in a special issue of
Revista Portugese de Filosofia on “Space, Time and Evolution”. It
presents the basic ideas of STQ in a brief and more philosophical way, by
starting with the fact that physical laws are statements concerning
possible knowledge, derived from measurements.
These articles were published in the Journal of
Modern Physics. They present the theory of STQ in a detailed way and
show why there appear new quantum numbers that specify properties of fields
at the smallest possible scale in space and time. They are precisely those
which are required to account for all known elementary particles, but also
for a group of electrically neutral elementary particles, corresponding to
dark Matter. It is known to exist in great quantities in our
universe, but these particles have not yet been produced by accelerators.
However, dark matter particles that are orbiting in our galaxy can be
intercepted and have already been detected by means of scintillators.
The observed accelerated expansion of space, calling for dark
energy, can also be explained and the finite value (hc/2a) of the
total energy content of our Universe has cosmological consequences.
We justify and extend the standard model of elementary
particle physics by generalizing the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.
The usual assumption that space and time are continuous implies, indeed, that
it should be possible to measure arbitrarily small intervals of space and time,
but we ignore if that is true or not. It is thus more realistic to consider an
extremely small “quantum of length” of yet unknown value a. It is only required to
be a universal constant for all inertial frames, like c and h. This yields a
logically consistent theory and accounts for elementary particles by means of
four new quantum numbers. They define “particle states” in terms of modulations
of wave functions at the smallest possible scale in space-time. The resulting
classification of elementary particles accounts also for dark matter.
Antiparticles are redefined, without needing negative energy states and
recently observed “anomalies” can be explained.
Ball Lightning is a natural phenomenon that has
outstanding properties. We described and explained them at the
10th International Symposium on Ball Lightning (Kaliningrad,
Russia). The article was published in the proceedings (Journal of
Unconventional Electromagnetics and Plasmas, India, 2012). It shows
that local ionization of air and a strong transient magnetic field
are sufficient to set electrons in motion. The required field does
usually result from ordinary lightning and cooperates with the
atmospheric electric field. The excited plasma oscillations organize
themselves to constitute luminous bubbles. Their long lifetime results
from mechanisms that compensate energy losses. Ball Lightning is
actually moving around to collect ions and electrons, as long as
Condensation of metal vapor on isolating substrates
yields very thin granular films. They were said to have “anomalous”
optical properties, since they differ from those of the same metals
in their bulk state. An overview of experimental results is provided
by P. Rouard, while A. Meessen explains them in terms of resonances.
They result from collective oscillations of electrons inside very
small metal particles. This article was published in Progress of
Optics (Vol. VX).
A huge number of independent observations of
“Unconventional Flying Objects” have been made worldwide and according
to usual criteria in life-sciences, they are well-identified by their
characteristic properties. However, the origin of these UFOs is
unknown and they cannot be products of any know technology. Since
this is not sufficient to deny the reality of this phenomenon, it
should be studied by means of normal scientific methods. Available
observations, including instrumental ones, can be used to discover
at least the basic principles of a radically new propulsion system.
The first article shows that this can be done by assuming that the
external surface of these compact objects is constituted of some yet
unknown material that is a high-temperature superconductor.
This would allow for very intense electric currents, creating magnetic
fields around these objects. Observations indicate that they oscillate
at low frequencies, but a very strong oscillating magnetic field does
create an oscillating electric field. Both fields exert together a
force on electric charges, produced by pulsed ionization of the
surrounding medium. This would yield an extremely flexible propulsion
system, functioning in water as well as air. The second article
examines more relevant evidence and the third one develops the theory
of the oscillator, which is required to produce the external magnetic
and electric fields. The UFO phenomenon could thus encourage and
inspire the search for HT superconductors.
An electronic system for non-invasive EM cancer
detection was empirically discovered and developed by Clarbruno
Vedruccio. It is based on the interaction of very weak EM waves
with living tissue. A handy probe is moved a few centimeters over the
surface of the body, while the response is detected by a small antenna,
situated about 2 meters away from the probe. The usually chosen
frequency components of the emitted waves are 450, 900 and 1350 MHz and
the corresponding spectral lines are displayed on the screen of a
spectrum analyzer. Their relative heights are modified when the probe
is near pathologically altered living tissue. Actually, the probe does
stimulate electrical oscillators, which leads to energy losses. We
explain that they are detectable, since the electronic system has
non-linear properties of the van der Pol type.
2. Science and Society
This article was published in the Belgian Journal
Le Soir, just before the opening of the NATO Summit of May
29-30, 1989 in Brussels. Heads of State and Governments had to take
important decisions concerning the arms race. The title of our appeal
stems from Albert Einstein. It means that it is necessary to modify
usual thinking and doctrines, since “without disarmament, there will
be no lasting peace”. He wrote this already in 1932. In later
publications, we did mathematically prove that when two sides are
trying to protect themselves by increasing their armaments, because
of fear of being destroyed, this can only lead to an exponential
increase of the most destructive and deadliest armaments. The claim
that “assured mutual destruction” can provide security is a dangerous
illusion, since the resulting equilibrium becomes increasingly
unstable. The final declaration at this 40th Anniversary of
the Alliance did recognize that “our meeting takes place at a juncture
of unprecedented change and opportunities”. It recalled that the aim is
“stability and co-operation” and stated even that “in this time of
unprecedented promise in international affairs, we will respond to
the hopes that it offers.”
The Institute of Interdisciplinary Research of the
Görres Gesellschaft is devoted to the dialogue between Science, Philosophy
and Theology. The two first conferences that A. Meessen gave there were
concerned with the problem of human freedom, since it is related to the
concepts of determinism and probabilities. They were presented in the
classical and quantum-mechanical sense. However, the fundamental problem
that has been debated in the context of philosophy, theology and the study
of human psyche or artificial intelligence is to solve a dilemma. How is it
possible to explain why decisions, taken by intelligent beings in the most
rational way, allow for freedom? It is shown that weighting arguments does
not always lead to deterministic results. In cases of conflict, the most
rational decision is probabilistic.
Four articles were published in in the weekly journal
Der Spiegel, to commemorate the use of atomic bombs in Japan, 40
years earlier. We translate essential parts of these articles, revealing
that the use of nuclear weapons resulted from an ultra-secret agreement
between Churchill and Roosevelt. We add other elements, like the opposition
of scientists, documented by the Franck Report of 1945. It was discarded
and even preceded by Churchill’s harsh refusal of the arguments presented
to him by Niels Bohr. We analyze ideas that have been advanced to justify
the arms race and the belief that “mutually assured destruction” could
provide security. This doctrine is shortsighted, since the proclaimed
equilibrium of terror is unstable. Moreover, past events tell us
that fatal decisions can be taken by few persons, without any democratic
control and without listening to those scientists who developed these arms
to prevent possible disaster. Being preoccupied by the future of mankind,
they proposed an option that could prevent the onset of an uncontrollable
arms race. Peace can only be insured by creating a climate of justified
confidence and promoting common interests. The aim should be cooperation,
instead of opposition.
This extensive study of so-called “miracles of the
sun” leads to the conclusion that they can be explained by means of
natural physiological processes. In regard to “apparitions”, it resulted
from meeting several seers and analyzing recorded facts that they can be
attributed to altered states of conscience. This research was undertaken
on demand, to find out if UFOs might be involved. The outcome was presented
at the International Forum on “Science, Religion and Conscience”, organized
by J. Fernandes in Porto on October 23-25, 2003.
The Belgian Journal Kadath is devoted to
studies of Ancient and Prehistoric Civilizations and has an excellent
reputation, but it had published an article on the Arc of the Covenant.
It reiterated the thesis that it was a very dangerous electric condenser.
We analyzed the facts that were reported in the Thora, Bible and Coran
from the point of view of physics. We present here the original article,
including colors. The black and white version appeared in Kadath, n° 106.
Once again, it was necessary to separate fact from fiction. Even the
survival of positive values of religions will require cleaning traditions
from mythical elements.
The research on the Arc of the Covenant raised other
questions. We studied thus what had initially been written about the
Exodus from Egypt, the personality of Moses and the miraculous passage
through the Red Sea. We combined it with new findings on the
geographical itinerary and the proposition that the Israelites could
have traversed the sea at the Golf of Acquaah because of strong winds.
This is plausible and indicates that Ancient History can be reexamined
in a rational and nevertheless respectful way. This text was published
by Kadath, online.
The story of three wise men that followed a ‘star’ to
discover a new-born child in Bethlehem was investigated, since it could be
true. Indeed, Babylonians were interested in observing the sky for
astrological purposes and the Babylonian captivity of Israelites left there
traces of a prophecy that predicted the birth of an outstanding King. The
appearance of an unusual celestial body that was even so luminous that it
was visible during day-time could thus have suggested to find out if
astrological predictions are valid or not. This would be a scientific
attitude and the famous ‘star’ could even be a comet, since Chinese records
mention such a sighting in the year -5.
To answer questions raised by persons that were
concerned about possible dangers of planed microwave antennas, we studied
this problem and found astonishing facts. Some danger is real, but prevented
by legislation. Nevertheless, commercial interests led two companies to
superpose 4 beams, even at the level neighboring habitations. The energy
emitted by every beam did respect the letter of the law, but not its spirit
for the ensemble of these beams. The project had thus to be stopped and the
law should be amended.
3. Unconventional Flying Objects
This was the first article concerning the UFO
phenomenon and the propulsion system of these mysterious objects. Actually,
the author had been asked by one of his children if “flying saucers” are
real or not. He admitted that he ignored the answer, but said that he
would try to get more information. Incidentally, a “Society for the Study
of Space Phenomena” had been created in Belgium at that time. Its objective
was to examine the UFO phenomenon in a rational way and it did provide the
opportunity to get rapidly access to many reports of serious observations.
We saw that they raised important scientific problems. The first issues of
the monthly publication of SOBEPS presented 3 attempts to explain UFO
propulsion, but they did not agree with basic physical laws. Was it possible
to propose a better theory? We found that the observations would require
the creation of an electric and magnetic field, as well as ionization of
the surrounding air. This theory was progressively developed later on.
A conference at the colloquium « Cosmos et Société »,
organized in 1984 by the Laboratory of Cultural Anthropology of the UCL
led to this two part article, published inRevue des Questions
Scientifiques. It presents some aspects of problems concerning
possible ET visitors and mentions the model of Pulsed EM Propulsion
Pilots observed that magnetic compass needles did
rotate when UFOs were nearby. This effect can be experimentally reproduced
and theoretically explained, when we assume that these objects produce an
oscillating magnetic field. The needle will then rotate at the same
frequency, because of non-linear effects. We learned that an ensemble of
peculiar and trustworthy observations did justify the PEMP model.
At the beginning of the extraordinary Belgian wave of
UFO observations, the author had the opportunity to interview two
gendarmes, who observed a motionless triangular UFO at close range.
When it started to move, turned around and flew at very low altitude over
the town of Eupen, they followed it and continued to observe it. It stayed
during one hour over the high light-tower at the Gileppe Barrage and
presented a “show” with periodically appearing horizontal light beams. The
report did provoke fierce opposition of some Flemish skeptics, i.e.
believers that UFOs cannot be real objects. They claimed that the gendarmes
saw merely Venus, when they were driving towards the Gileppe and looking
from a high viewpoint towards the tower. The testimony and our
investigation of the events of November 29, 1989 were presented as being
“misleading”. However, our detailed analysis of astronomical data did
clearly prove that they were wrong. Other hypotheses to explain the initial
observation and the horizontal beams were also examined and refuted.
Moreover, the author realized a new detailed interview of the gendarmes and
translated the major part of it from German to French. It is reproduced
verbatim. Complementary investigations were realized in 2001 and 2008 since
the skeptics did continue to negate the reality of the UFO phenomenon. The
results are included in this article. Discussions were mutually respectful,
but revealed the profound causes of divergent views.
As soon as the author had convinced himself that
the extraordinarily frequent observations at the beginning of the Belgian
UFO flap were real, he asked for access to radar observations at the
national airport in Brussels. They disclosed the existence of two types
of unnoticed spots. They appeared only from time to time, but were slowly
moving in a systematic way. By analyzing the collected data, we established
the meteorological origin of these signals: temperature inversions and
local turbulences of humid air. We got also access to the radar data of
the Belgian Air Force, situated at Glons and those of the second military
radar system, situated in the Flemish part of Belgium. During the night of
30/31 March 1990, both military radars systems detected an anomalous echo.
It came from an unidentified, but real reflector, slowly moving at an
altitude of about 10000 feet. Two F-16 jets were scrambled to investigate.
They did also detect radar signals and realized several times a lock-on,
but the recorded data was very puzzling.
After a long study, we came to the conclusion that these signals were
also due to “clear air turbulences” and that the electronic filters were
partially ineffective, since interferences between actual signals did
perturb the Doppler-velocity measurements. The general consequence of
these investigations was that the triangular UFOs of the Belgian flap
were not easily detected, even by very efficient radar systems. This might
be due to the fact that these UFOs were visually observed as being
motionless or moving very slowly at low altitudes, although they could
also dart upwards with tremendous accelerations. Moreover, they had flat,
reflecting surfaces and might use stealth technologies. The Belgian UFO
flap began in an exceptionally intense way, shortly after the fall of the
Berlin wall on November 8/9, 1989. It continued at a slower, but nearly
constant pace from January 1990 to at least at March 1991. Why? It is
reasonable to assume that it was an experiment, performed by an ET
civilization that is visiting our Earth, to see how NATO and the European
Commission, situated in Belgium, would react.
This text is the answer to a paper that was published
in the Revue Française de Parapsychologie. Hallet aggressively
attacked those who try to study the UFO phenomenon in a scientific way,
without excluding the extraterrestrial hypothesis. We show that the
approach of so-called “skeptics” is radically different from normal
scientific methodology. Actually, they are guided by their beliefs and
preconceptions, instead of referring to reality.
It can happen, of course, that some UFO investigators
are not self-critical enough. This open letter to Franck Boitte
illustrates this fact for a case of 1973. We were present during the
initial interrogation of the person that told us a story about a
strange humanoid that he allegedly had seen during a night in his
garden. This being had space-suits and did behave in a physically
unrealistic way. We learned by a personal conversation, aside from
the group, that this man had previously several “visions”. We
advised therefore not to publish anything about this case, but the
initial investigator thought the UFO phenomenon does have a
paranormal origin. The story was published and Mr. Boitte reported
on his own interview of this person, realized in 1978. He presented
this case as if it were a close encounter with a UFO occupant and
invented false reasons for our advice to drop this case. We had thus
to protest and explained why this was merely an “awaken dream”.
This case is outstanding, because of the reported
UFO performances and the trustworthiness of the witnesses. They included
the crews of two F-4 jets, using airborne radars. The investigation of
this incident and the resulting interest of the US military authorities
are well-documented. The essential conclusion is that this case does
flatly contradict the claim that UFO observations are merely due to
“fantasy prone personalities”.
“Falling leaf motions” belong to the astonishing
characteristics of UFOs. We collected thus a representative sample of
relevant observations. It appeared that there also cases of rising
pendulum-like oscillations and undulating horizontal motions. This led
to a phenomenological description of these motions, suggesting some
automatic internal regulation or intelligent control.
The answers provide an overview of ideas, studies and
researches about the UFO phenomenon.
We try to answer the important claim that the
UFO phenomenon is absurd, since ET visitors should have finished their
exploration of the Earth already long ago. Jacques Vallée proposed
therefore that UFOs should not be considered as material objects of
ET origin, but as belonging to some kind of supernatural realities.
They would then not be subjected to physical laws. They would even
elude any scientific explanation, but we show that this proposition is
merely one hypothesis among 4 conceivable ones. It is preferred by those
who replace tedious scientific studies by the assumption that these
phenomena belong to the world of miracles or paranormal phenomena. We
consider, on the contrary, that we can follow usual scientific methods.
Actual observations have then to be collected, examined and explained as
far as possible in terms of known physical laws. UFO propulsion offers a
This review was initially presented in a public
conference of SOBEPS. It insists on the possibility of a scientific study
of the UFO phenomenon, since the so-called “psycho-social explanation”
applies only to some particular cases. It accounts also for the general
cultural climate in regard to the UFO phenomenon, but not for its hard
core. Instinctive fear of the unknown and especially of “aliens” with
superior technologies is comprehensible, of course. We know too well how
humans treated apparently uncultivated people. The natural psychological
reflex is repression, the key concept of psychoanalysis. It attempts to
exclude unwanted or frightening ideas from conscious perception, but does
not solve the real problems. It is more adequate to recognize the true
cause of anxieties and to learn to face reality. Authorities should
investigate, but when they are not able to accomplish this task in an
efficient way, they tend to escape from this embarrassing situation by
debunking any possible evidence. The basic problem is to find out why
aliens are here, without establishing open contact.
There is no evidence that they are looking for some types materials.
This would even be unrealistic, since stellar nucleosynthesis produced
the same type atoms at many places. To assume that aliens are observing
the Earth, terrestrial life forms and even the evolution of a particular
civilization is also insufficient. There has to be another motivation for
an ET civilization that masters interstellar space travel. What is the
most precious information in our Universe? It corresponds to the results
of the thriving biological evolution by natural selection under various
circumstances. Sorry, but that had to be expected. It is even necessary
to face particular evidence, indicating why our “visitors” do not present
themselves in an open way. They have an agenda and know that it might
be perturbed if they did not continue to operate undercover. We present
in this text some results of research conducted by a university professor,
who studied the history of US investigations concerning the UFO phenomenon.
David Jacobs did finally concentrate on collecting testimonies of
abductees. It lasted many years and led to the conclusion that our
visitors are engaged in a systematic program of hybridization. This is
shocking, but is it better to keep our eyes frantically closed?
Politicians might say: “you can’t tell the people”, but this would
only indicate helplessness. Available evidence indicates with
non-negligible probability that ET visitors are not only collecting
human DNA, but are using it to integrate human specificities in new
beings. These hybrids are adding more variety to those that have been
reported as belonging to their crews. As a physical scientist, the
author is intrigued by a particular and consistently reported feature.
Aliens are communicating with one another and with abductees in a
non-verbal way. The word telepathy does not settle the resulting
problem. There has to be a mechanism. Probably, it involves modulated
electric fields. If this could be elucidated, it would be helpful to
progress in these matters. It is at least a concrete question,
related to the reported functioning of an alien society. Mental
activities are shared and various tasks are executed with the same
dedication as this is known for some insect societies. We are looking
for traces of life that may have appeared on other planets, but why
are we not examining what seems to be happening on Earth?